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OHMCAHHE HBOBPETEHHH K ABTOPCKOMN CBHHETEHBCTBY Saasneno 28.04.81Hassanne usoöperenmn SATBOP KHMHMEFO CHOHHsoöpeřexne ornocnrcn K oöopynonanum nx TpaHcnopTa cunyšax Mawepnanon,n qacTHocTn K annapawau Knnxmerocnoa, Hcnonbsymmucn 3 usewnoň MGTEHHYPPHH u nponsnoncrae cmpoňnarepnanon nás mpancnopmuponana nunn,ynonneHHoň 3 cuc rene raaoouucwxn. Hsaecrue Koucwpyxuun sarnopon uns nurpysxn nopomxooőpaaaoro METEDHBHE-as emxocrn, Hanpnuep-us cöopnux őyuxepon nuxnouon H snéxrpownnbrpa, He oöecánemusamr Haemuoe sannpauue sarpysounoro ycwpoňcfna (narpyóxa) sàrnopa, paöowammero non naanenuén. Hueer MBCTO Heopranusoaaumuň nococ aosnyxa n GynKep us saTaópa xnnamero cnoa, uro npnaonnw K napvmeunm npouecca nuneynasmnr BBHHH B unxnoaax H snexrpomunbrpax H cnmennm sçmexwnnnocwn ux paóowu.ymenhmemne auewpa sarpysqunoro narpyöxa (nna nonumemua nanexnocrn sanué panna) npnnow x sanunauum ero Marepnanon, ocoöenno n nepnon nycxa arperara, Korna MaTepHan nocwynąew 5 sarnop na öynxepa c nonumenuoñnnaxnoc 1 nm,rak Kat( a őyaxepe i nepnon oc-rauonxu arperawa xounencnpyercn anara.B saraopax xnnamero cnoa,.rne HKHHŘ Topeu aarpysoqnoro narpyöxa ycrnannuaamr c sasopou or rasopacnpeennmenbnoň pemerxn, sannpaane sąrpysoumoro nawpyöxa ow neopramusoaauuoro nococa oxuammero rasa, HanpHMEp a Gyuxep uunoaon, nocwnramr sa cuew ero npenapuwenbuoro sanonnena Marepuanou, nocwynammum 9 sarpysouàü narpyöox saTnopa xnnnmero cnon u pacnonarammnucn non yrno ecrecwnennoro orxoca unowwúu cnoem na rasopacnpenenurennnpň pemewxe.Hpn sron (nn npenowapamenua npopuna rason npn nocnenymmeM nycKe)Benqnny sasopa BHHOHHRWT TBKHM oőpason, qToöu Konnaqxn no Kpaäneü Mepe ônumañmeroR sarpyaounouy narpyöxy pana őunn noxpuru Marepuanom. HecMoTpa na sro, qacrb oxumammero vasa nocTynaeT B sarpysoqumň nawpyöox, ocoöeuuo npn HepaBHoMepHoM nocrynneann Marepnana B sawnop.Hanecreu saraop Kunamero cnon, conepxamnň xopnyc c rasopacnpenennwenbuoň pemerxoü, sarpyaoqmoe ycwpoňcwno, cocwonmee us nawpyöxa c nqeůxoeum nurareneM, H pasrpysouuü narpyöox (1).Henocrawxou sawsopa nanaercn Heo 6 xqnnMocTL ycwauoaxn nueůxonoro nnrawenn nmsnuxannaun nocTynneHun rasa na sałnopa xunnmero cnon qepes sarpysoqnoe ycmpoňcrao. .Hsnecren sawnop Knnamero cnoa, conenmamň xopnyc c nepmopnposannoň rasopacnpeenKTenbH 0 ů pemerxoü, sarpysouun ycrpoücrnom 3 anna nnycxuoro nawpyöKa H narpyőkaun owaona Marepuana (2).Henocrarxon saTBopa nànnerca Hanuqne KOHBHGBOPO sasopa Memy nxmuu Top JxOM BIIYCKHOFO narpyöxa H PBHJGTKOŘ, HGOÓXOJHJMOFO HIFI IIOCTYHJTEHHH MBTGDHRJIB BKunnmü cnoňsaTnopa, Tax xax uepes ynonmnyruü sasop B aarpysounoe ycrpbňcwno nocwynaer ras na pemerxu, qro Hapymaew repnernunocmn sannpanna BHYCKHOPO nawpyöxa B sarsope. Henbm HBOÓPETEHMX nnnnerca nonumeue Hanexaocwx paöorm sawsopa.Yxasauuaa nenb ocwnraercn reM, qro 3 sarsope Kunnmero cnox nx Bmrpysxn nopomkooőpasuoro MBTGDHBHB na euxocwu, conepxamen KOPHYC, rasopacnpeenuwenbHym pemerxy, aarpyàounoe ycwpoücrno, pacnonoxeunoe nan pemeTKoü, n pasrpysouHHŘ nawpyőox, raaopacnpeenmwenbnan pemewxa cnaöxena KonnauKaMM, 3 KOTODHXamnonnemm oraepcrnn, sarpysoqnoe ycrpoücrno smnonnexo c np 0 pe 5 HMM B mnmneňwacwn ero, a ornomeune cyuuapnoů nnomann npopeseü K nnomann nonepeuąoro cenenn aarpysóqnoro ycrpoücwna cocwannnew 0,3-2,1, xonnaqyn pacnonomeuu pxnamn noxpyr sarpysounoro ycTpoäcTUa,.a Konnauxn nepnoro pana ycmanonnenu no oöe cwopou oT~npopeaeü. KpoMe Toro, uenecooöpasuo qroöm ownepcwns B Konnauxax nepàoro pana ůmnu Hanpąnnen B cwopony Kopnyca saraopa.B BSBHCHMOCTH or Koumurypauuu npopeseü MarepHan,. nocrynammnä na sarpyaounoro ycrpoňcwna Ha pemerxy, npnnnnaew mopuy nyuéànumx nowoxos, pacnonoxennux Memy Konnauxanu. ~Cymuapnym nnomab npopeseñ auônpamw B 3 aBHCHMOCTH or KDYHHOCTH H yrna ecrecwnennoro oTKoca Marepnana, npn 3 TOM mnpuny npopesu nuöupamw B saáucnmocwn or KpynHocTH Marepnana, qroöu npopesb He aaönnanacb, a BmcoTy npopesn sanamrB S 8 BHCHMOCTH OT yma ECTECTBEHHOFO OTKOCR MaTEPHBIIB H mara MBJKÄY KOIIHBHKSMH .rasopacnpeenmwenbnoň DEMBTKH, Táx Kax mar Memy Konnaqxaun onpeenaer ana Hy nyuenunnmx nowoxoa Marepnana.Hha Menxoucnepcnoro Marepnana, HanpnMepHarpeToro no 150-300 °C rnnnoseMa, nnemuero yron ecrecrsennoro owxoca 20-25 °, CYMMapHaH nnomanb nonepeqnqro ceueąna upopeseñ cocrannner 0,3-0,45 nnomamn nonepeqnoro ceqeamn sarpy- soqnoro YCTDOŘCTBH, H npu nanbneůmem YMEHBWEHHH àroro ornomenx npoucxonnr npekpameue ncweueuna rnunoaema n HOn 0 CTb sawnopa ncnecŕsne saönnxn meheňBepxnmň npenen ownomenn cymmapnoň nnoma-npppeseň K nnomann sarpysounoro ycrpoñcrsa, paanuü 1,8-2,1, onpenenen nn cxnonaoro K cnnnaHmMaTepHana,Hanpuuep xapuannnwa, nuemmero yron ecrecrnenuoro OTKOCB He Menee 45-50 °.Hpu ynenmqenn sworo ornomenn őonee 2,1 snaunrenbno ynennunsaercx nucora xnnnmero cnon aawaopa, wro npmaomr K yBenw-xermlo pasuepoa sarsopa.Eux oöecneqennn Hanemaoro KHHGHHH Marepuana xonnaqxn nepaorp or sarpysóu~ noro ycrpoňcTaa pana ycrauannnnamr no oöe CTODOHH or Kamnoň npope 3 n,q 1 o 6 uMaTepHan, Bmxonwnň us npopeau, pacnonaranca Memy HMMM, H crpyu vasa us or Bepcwuň Kcnnauxon nosneůcwnoaanu na Marepuan d nsyx cwopou, npu srou nuxoHme omaepcwnn Konnaunon, pacnonomennue co cropouu sarpyaounoro ycrpoücwaa sarnymeum, a oTKpmTm Tonbxo ornepcwun co-cwoponm xopnyca, qroöu crpyn rasa H 3 owsepcwnn He öuna Hanpasnena B cropony npopesu, Tax Kax aro npnaonnr K nocrynneunm raaa n aarpyaouuoe ycrpoňcwno, ocoöenuo npu HepaBHoMepHoM nocTYHHGHHH Marepnana B aarpysounoe ycwpoñcwno. CYNHOCTB usoöperennn noncunercx qepTemaMM, rne Ha mnr.l uaoöpamea npononhxuü paapês saraopa xunamero cnox Ha mnr.2 - paspea A-A H 8 nr.| na Hr.3 - ysen I Ha mnr.2. Sarnop Knnamero cnon uns nmrpyaxu nopomxooöpasuoro MBTGDHBHG us enxocŕu l coepmur Kopnyc 2, raaopacnpenenurenbnym pemewxy 3, çnaőmennym yonnaqxan 4, ycranosnenumn aoxpyr sarpysouuoro ycwpoňcwna 5, n uxHeñ.qacTn KOTODOPO aunonaenu npopesn 6, nawpyöok 7 noauu omumammero raaa non pemerxy u pasrpyaoqnuä naTpyöoK 8. Bbrxonubxe OTBEPCTHH 9 a xoxmauxax 4 no xpañxeň Mepe nepaoro or sarpysounoro ycmpoücwna 5 pana pacnonomen co cropou xopnyca 2 sarBopa. ° 3 aTBop Kunnmero cnon paöowaer cnenywmum óöpasom. Marepnàn na euxocwm 1, Hanpunep na cöopuoro öynxepa unxnonon, nocwynaew in sarpysounoe VCTPOŘCTBO 5.u pacnpenennerca Ha~rasopacnpenenHTenLHon pemer-~ Ke 3 non yrnon ecTecTBeHHoro owxoca, npn srou Ta qacT 5 MRTEDHEHR, xowopan nocrynaer qepes npopesn 6 B HOHOCTB aarnopa n Bane ownenbnux nyuennnwux nóToxon, pacn 0 naraeTcu Memy xonnaqxamm 4. 3 Ta uacwb Marepuana noxnarunaéwcn rason, noaaaemmm B sawaop uepes naTpyöoK 7 non pemewxy 3 H nocwynammnn uepes owsepcrux 9 B Konnaqxax 4 nan oöpaaoaanun 3 sayaope aannpammeŕo Kunamero cnox. Bmcowa aanupammero cnoa (h) or pemewxn ao paarpyaouaoro nawpyóxa 8 saencHw ow paapemennn 9 enxocru I, aeneunn B eMKocTu,nbuMmKammeñ K pasrpysoqnomy narpyöky (Ha ąepweme He noxaaaua) H nnornocvu Marepuana B Kunamen cnoe. ~ Mawepnan, nocwynawwnñ 9 samaop, smrpymaewcn uepea pa 3 rpysouHünaTpy 6 ox 8. Kannauxu 4 no Kpaňneü Mepe önumaňmero K 3 arpy 3 owHoMy ycTpoücTBy.5 pana pacnonaramw no oöe cwoponu or npopeseä 6, qroöm nyqesnuue noroxu Mawepnana nocrynammero na npopeseň Ha pemerxy, pacnonarancb Memy konnauKaMM.TaKoe V pacnonomeune xonnaqxon óőecneunaaer nnomanh Kouraxma rasą H Marepuana, noc waroqnym na oöpaaonanna Kunxmerq cnox B saraope H B ro me Bpeunvoôecneunnaer uaemnoe 3 anHpaHHe npopeseü sarpysounoro ycrpoňcwna or nonanaHaa.Hero vasa, qemy Taxme cnocoöcwnýer pacnonomene oreepcrnü 9 B Konnauxax 4, oöpä meunux s cTopoHy Kopnyca 2, H 0 He B cropouy npopeseň 6, HPEHMYMECTEDM OHHQSHHOFO BBTĚODB KHHHNGPO CHOH XBHXGTCH BMHOHHBŘHE B HKHeň qacwu sarpysoqnoro ycTpoňcmBa npopeseñ, no oöenn cwopouan Kpwopux ycrą-. Hoanenm Konnaqxn, uTo no 3 BonHeT n 0 BmcHTb Haąguocrb paôoru saràopa nyrem noaqu Marepuana Ha rasopacnpenenurenbnym pemerxy B npocwpancwao Mexny Konnauxann, ro eCTb oöecneunrb Heoőxonym uns xxnennn n 0 BepxHOCTb xouraxwa MMemy nonnonnmm raaom H Mawepuanou öes nocwynnena vasa na sarnopa 3 aárpyF soqaoe ycTpoňcT 3 o.Í. 3 aTBOP KHHHMEPO CHQH HMS BHTPYSKH HOPOMKOOÓPESHOPO Mawepuana H 3 GMKOCTH, COĽEPKGMHŘ KOPHYC, rasopacnpeenHTenbHym DEEETKY, sarpysouaoe YCTPOŘCTBO, Qacnonomenaoe Han pemeTKoň, H pasrpysoqauü narpyöok ornnqawmuüca TGM, uwo,c uenbm nonmmeHHa uaemaoçwn paőowm samaopa, raaopacnpenenuwenbnan pemerxa. cnaöxena Konnaqxam, B KOTODHX nmnonuenu oTBepcTHa, sarpyaoqHoe.ycTpoüçTnoamnbnneno c npopesnn 3 Hmneů uacrn ero, a oruomenne cyMMapHoünnomwmnpo PCSEŘ K TUIOIIIEILH HOHQDGV-IHOFO CBqeI-IHH 38 ľDY 30-IHOľO YCTPOŘCTBE COCTQBHHGT 0,352, npn arou xonnaqxn pacnonoxeau pananu aoxpyr sarpysóqnoro ycwpoücrsa,a Konnauxn nepsoro pana ycTaHonneHu no oöe cropomu om npopeseň.2. 3 aTnop no n.l, ornnuammuñcn TGM, qro ornepcwnx B xonnaukax nepsoro pana Hanpaunenu a cwopouy Kopnyca sarnopa.Hcwoqunxn nH®opMaunH,npnHnTąe so BHuMaHną npn axcnepwnsez |. HaTeHT öpanuun W 11727 46, Kn. F 27 B, onyön. 1959. 2. Hareuw GPP W 2805816, Kn. F 27 D 3/10, onyön| 980.Haoôpeweune ornocurcn R pasrpysouuun ycrpoñcrnam annapawon Knnamero cnon.uenbm H 305 peTeHHH nanaercn nonumene nanexnocru ąaöorm sàmnopá.Hocrannenüas uenb ocwuraewca Ten, uro B sarnope xnnsmero cnon nná nmr~ pysxu nopomxooöpasnoro Marepnana us euxocru I, conepxameu xopnyc 2,asopaç hpénenHTenbHym pemewxy 3, sarpysounoe ycrpoücwno 5, pacnonomenuoe nan pemer- « xoň 3, u pasrpyaouamň naTpyöoK 8, rasopacnpeennwenbnan pemerxa 3 cnaöxeua Konnaqxaun 4, B xowopmx Bunonuenu orsepcŕna, sarpysounoe ýCTpOňCTBO 5 announeuo c npopesnmm G 3 Hmxneü ero qacru, a oraomenue cyMMapHoünnomanK npope seü 6 K nnomann nonepeunoro ceueux sarpysounoro ycrpoňcwna 5 cocrasnąew 0,3-2,1. Hpn.3 woM Konnaqxn 4 pacnonoxeum pnamn noxpyr sarpysounoro ycwpoä~ »cwna 5, a Konnaqxn 4 uepaoro pxaycraHo 3 neH no oöe cropouu or npopeseň 6.V Hpnsnano Hso 6 pąweHeM no PBSYHBTBTRM sxcnepwnam, ocymécraneunoň Tocynapćr IBeKHuM KOMMTETOM CCCP no enan nsoőpewenů H owxpmmu.

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